Use these personal calculators to evaluate your health and lifestyle choices.
The Risk Management Department produces a monthly newsletter, "Worksite Wellness News".
Cooking healthy can be challenging and often people are afraid to try new things.
What is colorectal cancer?
Cancer of the colon or rectum is termed colorectal cancer. Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon) and rectal cancer is cancer of the last several inches of the colon. In 2016, The American Cancer Society estimates there will be over 95,000 new cases of colon cancer and over 39,000 new cases of rectal cancer.
Signs & Symptoms
- Change in bowel habits
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Blood in your stool
- Feeling that your bowel does not empty completely
- Narrower stools than usual
- Frequent gas pains or cramps
- Unexplained weight loss
- Nausea or vomiting
- Over the age of 50- Colorectal cancer is more likely to occur in older adults.
- Colorectal Polyps-These are growths on the inner wall of the colon and rectum and are common in people over the age of 50. Most polyps are benign, but some can become cancer.
- Family history-If you have close relatives who have had colorectal cancer, you may be somewhat more likely to develop it as well.
- Genetic alterations-Changes in certain genes can increase your risk.
- Diet-Some studies show that diets high in fat may increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer.
- Personal History-It is possible for a person who has had colorectal cancer to develop it a second time.
- Cigarette Smoking-A person who smokes may be at increased risk for developing polyps and colorectal cancer.
Screening for colorectal cancer
There are various screenings that can be done to detect colorectal cancer. Treatment of colorectal cancer is more effective if the disease is found early.
- People age 50 and older should be screened.
- People who are at high risk may need to be screened earlier than age 50.
You should always consult your medical provider about when you should be screened and which screening is best for you.
To view more information about colorectal cancer screening click here.
What is the Prostate?
The prostate is a small gland (about the size of a walnut) that sits under the bladder and in front of the rectum. While the prostate is not essential for life, it is important for reproduction. Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in America. This form of cancer affects 1 in 6 men. Simple screenings and an exam can lead to early detection of prostate cancer. Screening usually begins between the ages of 40 and 50 depending on individual risk.
To read more about prostate cancer along with its signs, symptoms and treatments, click on the link below.
Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture. It is common in the aging population, especially in women. While osteoporosis is more common among women, it can still affect men.
Risk factor for women:
- Gender- Your chances for developing osteoporosis are greater if you are a woman.
- Age- Your risk of osteoporosis increases as you age.
- Body size- Slender, thin-boned women are at greater risk.
- Race- Caucasian and Asian women are at greatest risk.
- Family history
- Sex hormone deficiencies- Low estrogen levels in women after menopause increase your risk.
- Unhealthy lifestyle habits- Smoking, excessive alcohol use, inactivity, low calcium intake
Risk factors for men:
- Chronic diseases that affect the kidneys, lungs, stomach and intestines or alter hormone levels
- Regular use of certain medications
- Undiagnosed levels of low testosterone
- Unhealthy lifestyle habits: smoking, excessive alcohol use, inactivity, low calcium intake
- Age-your risk increases with age
- Race-Caucasian men seem to be at higher risk although all men can develop this disease
What can be done to prevent Osteoporosis:
- Get enough calcium each day– Talk with your doctor about whether or not you should take a calcium supplement or if you are getting enough in your daily diet.
- Get enough vitamin D each day– Vitamin D is produced in your skin when it is exposed to sunlight. It helps your body absorb calcium from the food you eat.
- Eat a healthy diet
- Get plenty of exercise– Exercise helps slow bone loss, improves balance and muscle strength.
- Do not smoke
- Drink alcohol in moderation– Alcohol makes it more difficult for your body to use the calcium you take in and increases your risk for falls.
- Medication– There are various medications that can be prescribed to prevent bone loss. Talk to your doctor about which one is right for you.
Although most people think of heart disease as a “man’s disease,” it can and does affect women. In fact, it is the number one killer of women in the United States. Know the risk factors, preventative measures along with the signs and symptoms.
Common signs of a heart attack:
- Chest pain-pressure, tightness or ache
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in one or both arms
“Atypical” signs of a heart attack:
- Back, neck or jaw pain
Risk factors you can’t control:
- Increasing age
- Gender- men are more likely than women to have a heart attack
- Previous heart attack or stroke
Risk factors you can control:
- Smoking-tobacco use is a major cause of heart disease among women
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
For more information visit:
Breast Cancer affects 1 in 8 women and for women in the United States. The good news is, early detection through screening, increased awareness and advances in treatment have helped decrease the number of breast cancer deaths in recent years.
Regular breast cancer screening is vital. Three main tests are used to screen the breasts for cancer. Talk to your doctor about which tests are right for you, and when you should have them.
- Mammogram. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are the best method to detect breast cancer early when it is easier to treat and before it is big enough to feel or cause symptoms. The American Cancer Society recommends yearly mammograms starting at the age of 40 for as long as the woman is in good health. If you have a family history of breast cancer, your doctor may recommend you get a mammogram earlier than usual.
- Clinical breast exam (CBE). A clinical breast exam is an examination by a doctor or nurse, who uses his or her hands to feel for lumps or other changes. A CBE should be done every 3 years or so for women in their 20s and 30s and every year for women 40 and older.
- Breast self-exam. A breast self-exam is when you check your own breasts for lumps, changes in size or shape of the breast, or any other changes in the breasts or underarm (armpit).
City of Bryan offers Red Cross First Aid & CPR courses throughout the year. We offer both courses for first time attendees as well as renewal courses. Please click on the class to view the 2017 schedules.
Click here or contact Lesley Ward at 209-5050 to register for these courses.
Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body’s ability to produce and/or use insulin.
Diabetes is becoming more and more common among Americans. In the U.S. 29.1 million children and adults, or 9.3% of the population, have diabetes. 86 million Americans age 20 and older have prediabetes. It is also a very costly disease with annual costs in the U.S. totaling approximately $245 billion (2012). Medical expenditures were 2.3 times higher for those with diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is the hormone that is needed to convert sugar (glucose), starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.
If you or your child has any of the following symptoms, you should consult a physician:
- Frequent urination
- Unusual thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Unusual weight loss
- Extreme fatigue and irritability
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In this form, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Insulin is needed to break down all of the sugars and starches that you eat into glucose, which is the basic fuel for cells in the body. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into the cells, you begin to see complications.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should consult a physician:
- Any of the type 1 symptoms
- Frequent infections
- Blurred vision
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet
- Recurring skin, gum, or bladder
*often people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms.
Who is at greater risk for Type 2 Diabetes?
- If you are over age 45
- If you have a family history of diabetes
- If you are overweight
- If you do not exercise regularly
- If you have low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides, high blood pressure
Source: American Diabetes Association
Local Diabetic Resources:
CHI St. Joseph Health:
Living Well with Diabetes Program- Free comprehensive diabetes education class. Click here to view the class schedule and registration information.
Welcome to the City of Bryan’s Employee Wellness Website! Our employees are our most valuable asset. For this reason, the City launched an Employee Wellness Program. The purpose of the program is to give employees and their families the tools and resources they need to make the healthiest choice possible. The City’s wellness program includes educational classes, fitness opportunities, an annual Health & Safety Expo and much more!
The definition of body mass index or BMI is the amount of fat content in the body as related to your height and weight. This is a way of measuring the fat content and muscle mass so that the person knows whether they are healthy or whether they can be prone to health problems like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, or even certain types of cancer.
Watching your BMI helps you to maintain the right weight and also the right proportion of bone density and muscle and to reduce the fat content in case it is high. There are certain risks involved if your body mass index is on the high side or even if it is too low.
Our free online BMI calculator helps you to calculate your own personal body mass index so you can change your lifestyle and eating habits and bring it around to the right amount. Most people need to include exercise in their daily routine and also to cut out fats and sugars to maintain the right body mass index.
For those who have a high BMI there are possibilities of their suffering from urinary stress, gastro esophageal reflux, infertility in females, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension. BMI is a good indicator of what your health hazards could be. Take action and maintain the right BMI today!
In a time when our culture seems to be obsessed with weight, fitness, eating right, and exercising, the term BMI or Body Mass Index is mentioned often in fitness circles and physician’s offices. Over the last 40 years, many doctors have shifted their focus from weight to BMI when it comes to determining the health of their patients. However, many people do not understand what BMI is or how it is used to determine a person’s overall health. Understanding this term and how it relates to weight loss and health can help an individual achieve the healthiest weight for their body.