Immunizations are one of the most effective ways to protect children and adults against many common infectious diseases. Visit with your healthcare provider or make an appointment at the City of Bryan Employee Health Center to make sure that you and your family are up to date on your immunizations.
Flu Vaccines will be offered to all City employees and dependents (age 5 and up) on the City’s health plan at no charge through the City of Bryan/BISD Employee Health Center. Onsite clinic dates/times will be listed when scheduled. If you are unable to attend one of the onsite clinics, please call the Employee Health Center at 821-7690 to schedule a time to go by and receive your shot.
What is influenza?
Influenza (Flu) is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses. The flu can cause mild to severe illness and could potentially cause death in the elderly, young children and those who have other health conditions.
Signs & Symptoms
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Body aches
- Some may experience vomiting and/or diarrhea
The flu vaccine is your best line of defense against the flu. Flu vaccines are offered annually. The City of Bryan offers vaccines to all employees at no cost. Covered dependents (age 5 years and up) are able to get the vaccine through the Employee Health Center for no charge as well.
Other ways to avoid the flu include: avoiding those who are sick, covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, washing your hands often, avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth and staying home if you are sick.
For more information about the flu, please visit www.flu.gov .
- Smoking causes damage to nearly every organ and is the leading cause of preventable death.
- More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined.
- The adverse health effects of smoking account for nearly 480,000 deaths per year in the United States.
- Smokers are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease by 2 to 4 times.
- Smoking causes reduced circulation causing narrowing of the blood vessels.
- In addition to causing lung cancer, smoking can also cause the following types of cancer: bladder, esophageal, cervical, kidney, stomach, oral, and others.
- Smoking can cause infertility, pre-term delivery and low birth weight.
- The two main types of smokeless tobacco are chewing tobacco and snuff.
- Smokeless tobacco causes oral health problems, including cancer.
- Adolescents who use smokeless tobacco are more likely to become cigarette smokers.
- Smokeless tobacco is not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking.
Nicotine dependence is the most common form of chemical dependence in the United States and it often takes a smoker multiple attempts to quit.
Effective treatments include: clinical interventions, counseling, over-the-counter and prescription nicotine replacement medications.
If you are interested in quitting, always discuss which method might work best for you with your physician. The following resources are available to smokers who are interested in quitting:
- The City of Bryan’s prescription drug plan (OptumRx) covers some smoking cessation medications at no cost (three attempts per lifetime).
- The Texas Department of State Health Services has resources available at http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/tobacco/ including the Quitline which is free to all Texas citizens. The Quitline provides professional support and counseling.
- The American Cancer Society has resources available at http://www.cancer.org/Healthy/StayAwayfromTobacco/GuidetoQuittingSmoking/index .
Depression can affect both men and women of all ages. Everyone has moments of sadness but generally these feelings are temporary and go away after a short period of time. When these feelings linger and begin interfering with your daily life you may be suffering from depression. Depression is a serious illness and most people may need treatment.
Signs & Symptoms
- Persistent sad or anxious feelings
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Feelings of guilt or helplessness
- Irritability, restlessness
- Loss of interest in activities you once found pleasurable
- Fatigue and decreased energy
- Difficulty concentrating
- Overeating or loss of appetite
- Thoughts of suicide
If you have experienced any of these symptoms, consider visiting with your doctor about treatments that might help you. You may also receive help through the City of Bryan’s Employee Assistance Program (EAP). Deer Oaks EAP provides assessments, guidance counseling, crisis intervention and more. You may contact them directly at 1-866-EAP-2400.
What is colorectal cancer?
Cancer of the colon or rectum is termed colorectal cancer. Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon) and rectal cancer is cancer of the last several inches of the colon. In 2016, The American Cancer Society estimates there will be over 95,000 new cases of colon cancer and over 39,000 new cases of rectal cancer.
Signs & Symptoms
- Change in bowel habits
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Blood in your stool
- Feeling that your bowel does not empty completely
- Narrower stools than usual
- Frequent gas pains or cramps
- Unexplained weight loss
- Nausea or vomiting
- Over the age of 50- Colorectal cancer is more likely to occur in older adults.
- Colorectal Polyps-These are growths on the inner wall of the colon and rectum and are common in people over the age of 50. Most polyps are benign, but some can become cancer.
- Family history-If you have close relatives who have had colorectal cancer, you may be somewhat more likely to develop it as well.
- Genetic alterations-Changes in certain genes can increase your risk.
- Diet-Some studies show that diets high in fat may increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer.
- Personal History-It is possible for a person who has had colorectal cancer to develop it a second time.
- Cigarette Smoking-A person who smokes may be at increased risk for developing polyps and colorectal cancer.
Screening for colorectal cancer
There are various screenings that can be done to detect colorectal cancer. Treatment of colorectal cancer is more effective if the disease is found early.
- People age 50 and older should be screened.
- People who are at high risk may need to be screened earlier than age 50.
You should always consult your medical provider about when you should be screened and which screening is best for you.
To view more information about colorectal cancer screening click here.
Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture. It is common in the aging population, especially in women. While osteoporosis is more common among women, it can still affect men.
Risk factor for women:
- Gender- Your chances for developing osteoporosis are greater if you are a woman.
- Age- Your risk of osteoporosis increases as you age.
- Body size- Slender, thin-boned women are at greater risk.
- Race- Caucasian and Asian women are at greatest risk.
- Family history
- Sex hormone deficiencies- Low estrogen levels in women after menopause increase your risk.
- Unhealthy lifestyle habits- Smoking, excessive alcohol use, inactivity, low calcium intake
Risk factors for men:
- Chronic diseases that affect the kidneys, lungs, stomach and intestines or alter hormone levels
- Regular use of certain medications
- Undiagnosed levels of low testosterone
- Unhealthy lifestyle habits: smoking, excessive alcohol use, inactivity, low calcium intake
- Age-your risk increases with age
- Race-Caucasian men seem to be at higher risk although all men can develop this disease
What can be done to prevent Osteoporosis:
- Get enough calcium each day– Talk with your doctor about whether or not you should take a calcium supplement or if you are getting enough in your daily diet.
- Get enough vitamin D each day– Vitamin D is produced in your skin when it is exposed to sunlight. It helps your body absorb calcium from the food you eat.
- Eat a healthy diet
- Get plenty of exercise– Exercise helps slow bone loss, improves balance and muscle strength.
- Do not smoke
- Drink alcohol in moderation– Alcohol makes it more difficult for your body to use the calcium you take in and increases your risk for falls.
- Medication– There are various medications that can be prescribed to prevent bone loss. Talk to your doctor about which one is right for you.
Welcome to the City of Bryan’s Employee Wellness Website! Our employees are our most valuable asset. For this reason, the City launched an Employee Wellness Program. The purpose of the program is to give employees and their families the tools and resources they need to make the healthiest choice possible. The City’s wellness program includes educational classes, fitness opportunities, an annual Health & Safety Expo and much more!